Australia is the world’s 6th biggest country and area of 7682300 sq km lying between the Indian and pacific seas, the nation is roughly 4000 km from east to west and 3200 km from North to South, with a coastline 36735 km long. Canberra is the capital city of Australia. Edmund Barton was the First Prime Minister in 1901. Australia is a member of the United Nations and the Commonwealth of nations. Australia has a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy with Elizabeth 2 as Queen of Australia and head of state and a Governor General who is chosen by the Prime Minister. The states are New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and western Australia. The two major mainland territories are the northern territory and the Australian Capital Territory. Approximately population of Australia is 23.13 million people in 2013 according to world bank reports. Most Australians live in cities along the coast, such as Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane ,Perth, Darwin, Hobart and Adelaide. The largest city is Sydney. Australia is a very big country, however, much of the land is very dry, and the middle of the continent is mostly desert. Only the areas around the East, West and South coast have enough rain and a suitable climatic conditions. Australia was not a nation, it was six separate colonies governed by Britain until 1901. It has its own money, and own army and navy. In Australia all this time, the trade unions were very strong, and they started a political party which is the Australian labour party. The native Australian are called the Aborigines, most of the Australian colonies, having been settled from Britain, became mostly independent democratic state in 1850 and all six combined as a federation on 1st January 1901.
Australia one of the most entrancing and exceptionally developed country, is the 6th biggest nation in the world enriched with surprising sea shores, a lot of untamed life characteristic marvels and cosmopolitan conurbations, the nation offers some of a kind encounters that are elusive elsewhere. With a populace that begins from in excess of 200 nations, Australia is the most benevolent and obliging nation in the world. The nation’s open air exercises have constantly urged individuals to meet up, be it assembling around a grill or at games. Australia is generally known for giving excellent human rights. Both open and private clinics are outfitted with most recent advancements and first rate administrations. This has been reflected with an incredible by and large wellbeing record of the Australian populace with future during life expectancy 81 years.
International Students Australia has been popular study destination. Australia is having eight of the top 100 universities in the world that offer more than 22000 courses in 1100 institutions. The country also possess five of the 30 best student cities which includes Melbourne, Sydney, Perth ,Brisbane, Adelaide and Tasmania.The Australian government grants around $200,000,000 for international scholarships every year. In addition, it evaluates that all the universities in the country to make sure they are maintaining the high standards high quality education.
The educational institutes of Australia have nurtured the needs of its students by focusing on practical learning and a thorough understanding of different topics. Australia is not only has the excellence for providing international education but great opportunities also to form a global network. Such as other educational destinations, the education system of Australia is mainly divided into three broad areas-primary school, secondary, senior secondary school and tertiary education.
Established in 1995 by the Australian government the Australian qualification framework helps to make sure that the qualification titles across the country are consistent and represent the same high standards of education. It comprises Australian qualifications with clear system about the level of education each qualification represents. Without wasting time understanding different qualification titles this provides many benefits to international students as they find the best course and institution suitable to their requirements. International students who are studying and AQF qualification certain of their college or university to be authorized and nationally accredited and the degree to be authentic.
Being an international student, should choose to study in an institution, which is registered on the CRICOS (Commonwealth register of institutions and courses for overseas students).It is a registration of Australian education institutions, which is managed by the Australian government that allow educational providers offer courses to overseas students who are studying or intending to study in Australia.
Type of visas:
1 .Visitor Visa
2. Temporary Activity Work Visa
3. Student Visa
The Universities are mostly clustered on the east coast, with a total of 21 institutions in Brisbane, Sydney, Canberra and other towns in Queen Island and New South Wales. A further eight Universities are based in Melbourne, another six in Adelaide on the Southern Coast, and one in between Adelaide and Melbourne. On the other side of the island, there are five universities on the west coast in Perth and Fremantle, and just one in Darwin, far to the north the 43rd university is in Hobart on the island of Tasmania and complete the country ,with at least one University in each state or territory.
The Universities are for the most part grouped on the east coast, with a21 organizations in Brisbane Sydney, Canberra and different towns in Queen Island and New South Wales. A further eight Universities are situated in Melbourne, another six in Adelaide on the Southern Coast, and one in the middle of Adelaide and Melbourne. On the opposite side of the island, there are five colleges on the west coast in Perth and Fremantle, and only one in Darwin, far toward the north. The 43rd college is in Hobart on the island of Tasmania, one University in each state or region.
Universities of Melbourne
Australia National University
University of Sydney
University of Queensland
University of Adelaide
University of Western Australia
NineThings Every Student Should Know About Australia
1. Paperwork Procedures:
You can start preparing your visa application, once you have been accepted to a university and a course of your choice. Providentially for all foreign students ,the Australian government has simplified this procedures to a large extent. All study visa fall under the same category, student visa(subclass 500 ),no matter your academic field of interest.
Such as some of the high ranked universities in other countries, Australia education often comes at a high cost. Expenses such as housing, food and healthcare, all of which can be surprisingly high because of the high living standards of the country. In the event you are eligible for any form of financial aid, you can lower the costs of your studies. You can apply for an international scholarship or a loan or financial aid designed specifically for international students. Financial ability is crucial for obtaining your visa and it will also mean that you can stay in Australia. Tuition fees between A$15000 and A$33000 per year, living cost A$ 18610 a year for the main student, A$ 6515 a year for the student’s partner, A$ 3720 a year for the student’s first child and A$ 2790 a year for other child. However, you will not necessarily have to pay this all on your own. Scholarships and funding opportunities directly from the universities that can help you to meet the costs. Specially the Australia awards scholarships only to international students from Asia, Africa, the middle east and the pacific. The closing dates for applications are mostly in April, however this differs for different countries. Sri Lankan students has a handy search tool Australian Government website for all scholarships available for international students.
3. Studying Dilemmas:
When you travel across the world and earn your degree a different student culture can be a challenge. Sometimes your previous education has been narrower, or broader ,or you need to adjust to the different mix of practical and theoretical classes. Therefore, some students can find it difficult to keep up. Australia has a culture of exchanging study notes and study guides. It can be done online. You can exchange your own notes for someone else’s free of charge and prepare for a difficult exam with the help of past students.
Australia is a multicultural country ,and you will find yourself surrounded by courteous people. In Australia restaurants and cafes, museums and galleries ,lush green parks, gardens and so much more make the country an exciting place. You are free to ask for help or advice regarding any aspect of your life in Australia. People are eager to offer you a helping hand. Australia’s warm, weather is the perfect personification.
5. The Upside -Down Seasons
Australia’s spring will start just as the autumn leaves start to fall from the trees in Toronto, and you will likely be basking on the beach while many in Wales are wearing winter coats. But keep in mind that many corners of the country can get cold during winter months that means July and August, therefore, learn about area you are planning to visit. An additional useful facts for those who choose to study in Australia is that its location in the southern hemisphere means that the seasons are opposite to those in Europe.
6. Keep your Health in Check
Australian residents are entitled to their medical care, every foreign student needs to ensure that they have a proper health package called overseas student health cover(OSHC). It is designed first and foremost as a precaution and a way to help you with potential expenses in case you have any health issues. You have to choose the package that is right for you, and as soon as you select your accommodation, find out about nearby locations of hospitals.
7. Public Transport
Australia has a well -developed variety of public transport options including buses, trains, light rail and ferries no matter where you decide to study. It might be useful to learn about any schedule changes before you start your semester and the services have reliable timetables. Some areas have concession fares for students, therefore request and obtain the proper transport concessions.
8. Get Used to New Grades
Universities use letters to grade your work, however, their success percentages and meaning are quite dissimilar. HD stands for high distinction, D for distinction, and these are the two highest marks that you can get, C stands for credit ,P for pass and F for fail. Prepare yourself for some changes in terms of studying in your new educational institute.
9. Work and Study Options
In Australia student visas allow their students a certain period of time to work, and this is frequently and outstanding way to cover your expenses, you should consider whether this will affect your studying. Your visa allows you to work up to 40 hours. A fortnight while your classes are in full swing, you are free to work as much as you please during breaks, while your family members can do the same. Minimum wage in Australia is A$ 17.70 per hour and students can easily find work.
(SOURCE-VFS AUSTRALIA-VISA TYPE-SL)
1. visitor visa
2. Temporary activity work visa
5. Temporary Resident
6. Medical treatment
8. Family-partner& prospective marriage
11.Citizenship by descent
12.Australian declaratory visa
Visit visa is for the temporary entry of people for tourism or business purposes. There are two streams which can be applied.
Tourist stream for people to visit Australia temporarily for a holiday, to visit relatives or friends or for other short-term non-work purposes, including study for less than three months
Business Visitor Stream
Business Visa for applicants seeking to engage in business activities including making general business or government. Contact negotiations, government visits, attending conferences, seminars, job interviews or professional examinations.
Temporary Activity Work Visa
Temporary Work(short stay specialist)Subclass 400
Temporary work (international relations) Subclass 403
Training -Subclass 407
Temporary Activity -Subclass 408
From 1 July 2016, there will only be one student visa category available to study in Australia-the student visa (subclass 500)
After 1 July 2016 ,in the event you need to study in Australia, you will need to apply for the student visa (subclass 500)
From 1 July 2016 all student visa applications must be lodged online through Immi Account
Subclass 771-from 1 July 2018 applications for the transit visa must be lodged through IMMI Account.
On a temporary basis, people who can contribute to the development of the Australian community Australia temporary residence policy facilitates the entry. Temporary residence visas allow people to live and work in Australia for a specific period of time duration .Most subclasses require sponsorship by an Australian organization which must be approved by the department of home affairs in Australia before the application is submitted.
Effective from 02 march 2019, applications for the medical treatment visa (subclass 602)should be submitted online, via IMMI accounts only.
Subclass 101- visa is a permanent visa for children who are the dependent child of an Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen. The parent acts as a sponsor for the child and can submit the visa application.
Adoption (subclass 102)
This visa is a permanent visa for children from overseas ,who are in the process of being adopted under certain circumstances. For this visa, an adoptive parent should be an Australian citizen, Australian permanent visa holder, or an eligible New Zealand citizen.
Orphan Relatives (subclass 117)
Parents are unable to care for children and this visa is a permanent visa for children from overseas, under 18 years of age. The child should be sponsored by a relative who is an Australian citizen, Australian permanent visa holder or an eligible New Zealand citizen.
Family -Partner and Prospective Marriage
From 1 July 2018 application for the following visas must be submitted online, via Immi Account.
Partner(Subclass 309/100 and 820/801)
Prospective Marriage (Subclass 300)
From 1 July 2018 ,applications for the following visas must be submitted at the Perth child and other family processing centre.
Aged dependent relatives(subclass 114)
Remaining relatives(subclass 115)
Career (subclass 116)
Resident Return(subclass 155/157)
In order to be able to return to Australia, .Permanent residence of Australia need to have a valid visa. The initial visa issued to new migrants is valid for a period of 5 years for multiple entries to Australia in the event this visa has expired, and you have not acquired Australian citizenship, you will need to apply for a resident return visa to return to Australia .The Residence Return visa is usually valid for 5 years. In the event you are unable to satisfy the legislative requirements for grant of a 5 year resident return visa you will be considered against the legislative requirements for a 3 month resident return visa.
Citizenship by Descent
Australia Declaratory Visa
See all this in Australia web-Sri Lanka
The Australian declaratory visa is an entry Authority that resembles a visa. It can be issued to Australian citizens who hold a foreign passport in limited circumstances, including in the event you are:
• under 18 and will be travelling with a non -citizen parent
• have an emergency or other compelling situation preventing travel on an Australian passport.
• You will need to provide supporting documents
This visa valid for 5 years.